Among the common childhood ailments, experts note leg pain… This concept includes a number of diseases, which are completely different in symptoms and causes. Each specific case requires a clear clarification of the exact pain localization, which may appear in the bones, muscles, limbs.
The content of the article:
Why a child’s legs can hurt – causes of pain in a child’s legs
- Features of childhood
At this time, the structures of bones, blood vessels, ligaments and muscles have a number of features that provide nutrition, proper metabolism and growth rates. In children, shins and feet grow faster than others. In places of rapid tissue growth, abundant blood flow must be ensured. The growing tissues of the body, thanks to the vessels supplying nutrition to the muscles and bones, are properly supplied with blood. However, the number of elastic fibers in them is minimal. Consequently, when moving, the child’s blood circulation improves. When muscles work, bones grow and develop. When the child sleeps, there is a decrease in the tone of the venous and arterial vessels. The intensity of blood flow decreases – painful sensations appear.
- Orthopedic pathology – flat feet, scoliosis, curvature of the spine, improper posture
With these ailments, the center of gravity shifts, and maximum pressure falls on a certain part of the leg.
- Chronic nasopharyngeal infections
For example – caries, adenoiditis, tonsillitis. That is why, in childhood, you need to regularly visit an ENT doctor and dentist. Pain in the legs can indicate the presence of various infectious diseases.
- Neurocirculatory dystonia (hypotonic type)
This ailment causes pain in the legs in children at night. Children with this disease complain along the way of headaches, cardiac discomfort, and abdominal discomfort. Sleep disturbance is also possible.
- Cardiovascular congenital pathology
As a result of this pathology, blood flow decreases. While walking, children may fall and stumble – this is associated with tired legs and a feeling of pain.
- Congenital connective tissue deficiency
Children with such an anomaly may suffer from varicose veins, renal prolapse, curvature of posture, scoliosis, flat feet.
- Bruises and injuries
They can cause lameness in children. Older children often stretch their ligaments and muscles. The healing process does not require outside intervention.
- Strong emotions or stress
This can in some cases cause lameness. This is especially true when the child is agitated or upset. Seek help from a doctor if the lameness persists the next day.
- Bruised (or inflamed) knee or ankle
- Inflammation of the toe, ingrown toenail
- Tight shoes
- Achilles tendon stretch
It can cause heel pain. If the foot is affected, pain in the middle or middle part of the foot may be troubling. Calluses can also cause discomfort.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals
Children over the age of three years complain of pain in the calf muscles associated with a lack of phosphorus and calcium intake in the growth zones of the bones.
With any ARVI or flu, all joints may also hurt in a child. Regular paracetamol will help relieve pain.
Which doctors and when to contact if the child has pain in the legs?
If a child complains of leg pain, you need to seek help from the following specialists:
- Pediatric neurologist;
- Orthopedist – traumatologist.
You need to go to the doctor if:
- You noticed inflammation and redness of the hip, knee, or ankle;
- The child is limping for no apparent reason;
- There is a suspicion of a solid injury or fracture.
- Any injury can be a source of sudden leg pain. You need to see a doctor if there is swelling or pain in the joint.
- If the joint is plump and red or brown in color, you need to immediately consult a doctor. Perhaps this is the beginning of a severe systemic disease or an infection in the joint.
- It is very important to take the the appearance of joint pain in a child in the morning – they may indicate the presence of Still’s disease or leukemia.
- Schlatter’s disease is quite widespread among children. The disease manifests itself in the form ofline of pain in the knee (front of it), at the point of attachment of the patella tendon to the tibia. The cause of this disease has not been established.
Each parent should watch their child, watch his shoes, provide adequate nutrition and not restrict the child in movement. The baby’s diet should contain everything necessary for the normal development and growth of the child’s body.
The Bologny.ru website provides reference information. Adequate diagnosis and treatment of the disease is possible only under the supervision of a conscientious doctor. If you experience alarming symptoms, consult a specialist!
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