Keeping things clean and tidy is a laudable desire, but difficult to fulfill. Not a single person is insured against getting your favorite blouse or dress dirty. It is especially problematic to remove stains from colored clothes, but for skilled hostesses nothing is impossible.
The content of the article:
- Important information
- Organic stains
- Rust stains
- Faded stains
- Other types of pollution
Things to Know Before Removing Stains: Precautions
The most effective and easiest way to get rid of a stain is to use a dry cleaning service. However, this does not mean that this method is the safest.
It should be borne in mind that dry cleaning specialists may not undertake the removal of some old dirt, but at home it is quite possible to cope with this task, the main thing is to act competently, taking into account the composition of the fabric, the type of stains and the degree of their prescription.
With the process of removing stains from clothes, you should not delay: it is much easier to remove fresh dirtthe older, the more – from things that have been washed repeatedly. The old stain has already been influenced by external factors, thanks to which it has become difficult to remove.
To a greater extent, this is typical for oily and greasy stains, but organic stains that have oxidized and firmly adhered to the fibers can also cause a lot of disappointment. That is why, when removing old stains, the risk of damaging the structure of the material is very high.
There are several types of stains:
- Fatty. For spots of pork fat, oily, there is a lack of clear contours. Fresh ones are much darker than clean fabrics, sticky to the touch, old ones – lighten over time, eating into the fibers and showing through from the other side.
- Non-fat. Organic stains (fruit juices, coffee, teas), on the other hand, have clear boundaries. The color is yellow or brown, the outlines are always darker.
- Oxidized. They are secondary formations that have reacted with external factors. Removing them is the hardest part.
- Combined. These stains are caused by blood, eggs and other substances that combine the signs of the first two types of contamination.
Depending on the origin of the stain, the method of treating the contaminated surface will vary.
The first step in removing stains is to remove dirt and dust from the fabric.which can complicate the removal process by creating an additional “halo”. At the same time, you need to know that when removing stains, you need to use potent alkaline and acid-containing preparations, as well as various kinds of solvents, with caution. The first ones can damage the structure of wool and silk, the second ones – flax and cotton, the third ones – artificial materials.
Information about the composition of the fabric can be found on the label, where the manufacturers indicate the features of the material and the rules for caring for the product.
Before processing, you need to test the effect of the stain remover on an inconspicuous area of the fabric.
Removing organic stains from colored clothing: how to remove sweat, blood, juice, fruit, sauces, etc.
When removing organic stains, keep in mind that powerful bleaching agents such as hydrogen peroxide are ideal for white fabrics, but they can cause light spots on colored fabrics.
One of the most effective and versatile stain removers is soap “Antipyatin”… It copes well with any dirt, and is safe for all types of fabrics.
Sweat stains are easy to clean in warm soapy solution with the addition of ammonia (1 teaspoon in 1 liter of water). This method is suitable for natural and synthetic textures.
A large item, such as a coat, from which you want to remove dirt from the lining, does not need to be washed. Simply wipe the contaminated areas with aqueous ammonia solution, then rinse them with water.
To remove sweat stains from natural wool, silk and other delicate fabrics, use water-salt or alcohol solution…
Clothes, into which the blood has not yet been absorbed, are soaked for two hours in cold water, after which they are washed laundry soap.
To remove old blood stains, use aspirin… The tablet is dissolved in cold water, and the thing is soaked in this solution. After such manipulation, the dirt is easily washed off.
From juices, fruits
Fruit and juice stains soaked in colored clothing can be removed with citric acid, vinegar, alcohol…
You can use the following method: boil water, hold the soiled thing over the steam, then wipe the stain with a solution of lemon juice and alcohol, diluted in a 1: 1 ratio.
With a cotton swab moistened with this solution, treat the desired surface.
From red wine
Wine can be a nuisance too. Fresh wine trail is easily removed salt, for which it is abundantly sprinkled on the soiled surface. After the salt has absorbed the drink, shake it off and cover the stain with a new layer. This method is suitable for any textures: dense natural, delicate, synthetic.
An effective way and with the help raw egg white mixed in equal proportions with glycerin… The mixture is applied to the stain for a while, after which it is washed off first with warm and then cold water.
If the pollution is removed from the delicate texture, then a cotton cloth should be placed under the surface to be treated.
From the sauce
Fresh stains from various sauces, such as ketchup, usually disappear in the process. regular wash…
Old dirt is more difficult to deal with. First, you need to carefully scrape off the remaining sauce from your clothes with a knife. Next, pour on the soiled surface dishwashing liquid, best of all – “Fairy”, and treat the stain with a toothbrush. After that, the item is thoroughly rinsed out.
If this procedure does not help, you can use another method: apply to the stain slurry of soda and hydrogen peroxide, and lasts 15 minutes.
This method is suitable for both dense and thin delicate textures, but in the second case, it is advisable to add a little warm water to the gruel.
Removing rust stains from colored clothing
There are two ways to remove rust marks from colored clothing. The first is to use lemon juice… To do this, the item must be laid out on the ironing board in such a way that the stained area is on top. The stain should be moistened with lemon juice and then ironed with an iron. After processing, the product must be thoroughly rinsed in cold water and then washed by hand or in a washing machine.
The second way involves using table vinegar… Pour 1 tablespoon of vinegar into a small saucepan, dilute with a glass of water and bring to a boil. Then add to the mixture ammonia and baking soda… A thing with traces of rust is immersed in a container with a solution, and the stain is washed off with a soft brush.
If necessary, repeat the procedure.
Attention: this method cannot be used for very thin delicate fabrics, so as not to provoke the formation of scuffs and holes.
How to remove stains on colored items from faded clothes
Failure to comply with the wash cycle may result in shedding stains on colored clothing. But this does not mean at all that things can be considered spoiled, and the only thing that remains to be done is to take them to the trash heap.
Here’s how to reanimate the product: pour 2 tablespoons into 1 liter of hot water ammonia… In this solution, the stain is soaked for about a quarter of an hour, after processing, the product is rinsed out.
Important: exclusively warm water is used to clean delicate synthetic clothes. Alcohol is added in a minimal amount.
Things made from natural dense textures are soaked in water that has been previously brought to a boil.
Removing other types of stains from colored items – stains from hot irons, chewing gum, cosmetics, etc.
- Many of us are familiar with the situation when a hot iron leaves on clothes scorch… Onion gruel or juice that is left on a spoiled item for a couple of hours and then washed off with water works well with red marks.
- Most effective method to eliminate chewing gum from colored products – place them in the freezer. In the cold, the elastic base will freeze quickly and can be easily scraped off with a knife.
- Lipstick, foundation, mascara and other makeup products can often be removed simply by washing the stained item. Has your laundry detergent turned out to be powerless against makeup marks? Mix ammonia with gasoline – and rub the problem spot with this mixture.
- Slightly harder to remove preparations for hair coloring, stains from which can remain on things, as well as on bedding. A good old recipe will help to cope with pollution: ammonia and hydrogen peroxide mixed in equal parts.
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