All stains that somehow ended up on our clothes can be divided into 3 types:
1. Stains that dissolve in water. These are food stains that contain sugar, wood glue stains, water-soluble salts, and some water-soluble dyes.
2. Stains that are removed with organic solutions. These are stains from grease, engine oil, varnish, resin, oil paints, wax, cream, shoe polish.
3. Stains that do not dissolve in water and organic solutions. Stains from greasy paints, from tannins, from water-insoluble natural and artificial paints, protein substances, blood, pus, urine, mold.
Each type of stain requires special treatment. Some stains, such as coffee, fruit juice, and wine, require treatment with both water-soluble stains and non-soluble stains.
Useful tips for removing stains
• The chemicals you use to remove stains are best tested on a test piece of fabric, hem, or stock of seams. It is not recommended to use highly concentrated solutions. It is best to treat the stain several times with a mild solution, alternately rinsing the fabric with water.
• Before removing stains, the fabric should be cleaned of dust, first with a dry, then with a damp brush.
• Remove the stain from the inside out by placing white paper or napkins under it, you can also use a plank wrapped in a white cloth.
• The best way to clean the stain is with a cotton swab or soft white cloth. First, moisten the area around the stain, then moisten the stain itself from edge to middle, so it will not blur.
• Stains of unknown origin are best removed with a solution of ammonia and salt.
How to recognize the type of spot?
• Fresh stains are best removed by rinsing the fabric with water, first with cold water several times and then hot. To successfully remove a stain, it is very important to know what its origin is, but at the same time the composition and characteristics of the fabric are also important.
Greasy stains usually do not have clear boundaries. Fresh greasy stains are always darker than the fabric itself. Old greasy spots are lighter and take on a matte shade. They penetrate deeply into the fabric and even appear on the back of the fabric, helping you to easily remove stains without damaging your favorite item. If you don’t know the material, cut a small piece of fabric from the seam area and test the stain remover on it.
Grease-free stains. Stains from berries, beer, juice, tea, wine, etc. They have clear boundaries and their outlines are darker than the spots themselves.
Stains containing greasy and non-greasy substances. They are more common than others. These stains usually remain on the surface of the fabric and only the fats contained in them penetrate deeper. These are stains from milk, blood, soup, sauces, street dust.
Oxidized stains. Stains that appear in the place of old stains under the influence of light, oxygen and other factors. These are the most difficult stains to remove. Stains from berries, fruits, mold, wine, coffee usually tend to oxidize.
How to remove dirt stains?
To remove dirt stains, it is best to first brush the dirty area with a brush. When the fabric is dry, wash off the stain with warm soapy water. If the stain does not come off, then it should be dipped in a strong vinegar solution. If the soiled item cannot be washed, then the stain should be removed with hydrogen peroxide. It is best to remove stains from a raincoat with a cotton swab dipped in vinegar.
How to remove an oil paint stain?
The stain from the oil paint is wiped with a cotton swab dipped in turpentine or cuirassier. If the color of the fabric does not change, then the stain can be removed with alcohol. Oil paint stains can also be removed with petrol soap mixed with turpentine in a 1: 1 ratio.
If the stain is old, then you should first moisten it with turpentine. And after the paint gets wet, clean it off with a baking soda solution and rinse the fabric thoroughly with warm water.
How to remove greasy stains at home
- Stains from vegetable oil, sprat and other canned oil can be easily removed with kerosene. After processing with kerosene, it is advisable to wash the fabric with warm water and soap.
- A very common way to remove greasy stains with chalk. Sprinkle the stain with crushed chalk, press firmly against the fabric and leave overnight. Brush the fabric in the morning. The stain disappears.
- Fish oil stains can be removed with a vinegar solution.
- Greasy stains on dense synthetic fabrics are best removed with potato starch. Apply the starch to the stain and then wipe it off with a warm, damp towel. When the starch is dry, brush the fabric with a brush. If the stain is not completely removed, repeat the procedure again.
- Egg stains should be removed immediately, as they then create insoluble compounds that cannot be removed. Fresh egg stains are removed with ammonia, old ones with glycerin and ammonia.
Removing stains from dairy products
- If the stain is not white and is large enough, it is best to wash it off immediately with warm water, soapy water and rinse.
- If the fabric is colored, then it is best to use a mixture of 2 tablespoons of glycerin, 2 tablespoons of water and a couple of drops of ammonia to remove the stain. The stain should be dampened with this mixture, placed between two cotton fabrics and ironed with an iron.
- The stain is removed from colored woolen fabrics with glycerin heated to 35 degrees. It is applied to the fabric for 10 minutes and then washed off with soapy water.
We remove stains from chocolate, coffee, tea
- It is enough to wipe chocolate stains with ammonia, and then rinse with heavily salted water. If a white cloth is stained with chocolate, the stain can be removed with hydrogen peroxide. She needs to soak the stained place and leave for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with cold water.
- A stain from coffee and strong tea is removed with a brush soaked in warm water. Then the fabric is thoroughly washed in warm soapy water. And rinsed with a light vinegar solution.
- On a light-colored fabric, such spots are removed with heated glycerin. Lubricate the stain with it, and after 20 minutes, rinse with warm water and dry with a towel.
Removing red wine and berry stains
- From colored products, such a stain is removed using glycine in a mixed ratio of 1: 1 with an egg. Such stains can also be removed with a gruel from table water, applied to the stain, and after half an hour rinsed with soapy water. And then rinse with warm water.
- Red wine stains can be removed with a solution of potassium permanganate by moistening the stained area with it, and then treating it with hydrogen peroxide.
We remove stains from white wine, beer, champagne, liqueurs
- Such stains should be removed from white fabrics with a solution of 5 g of soap, 0.5 tsp. soda and a glass of water. Apply the solution to the stain and leave it for a day. Then rinse thoroughly with warm water. This stain can still be wiped off with a piece of ice.
- Beer stains are best removed with soap and water. Old beer stains can be cleaned with a mixture of equal parts glycerin, wine and ammonia. The mixture is mixed with water in a ratio of 3: 8.
Removing blood stains
- The tissue with the blood stain is first washed with cold water, then with warm soapy water. It is better to soak for several hours before washing.
- Old stains are first wiped with a solution of ammonia, and then I will be with a solution, after which the linen is washed in warm water. Blood is removed from thin silk products using starch mixed with gruel with cold water.
Removing sweat stains
- Remove such spots with a hyposulfate solution. The cleaned area is then rinsed with warm water.
- Such stains are removed from silk fabrics with a solution of denatured alcohol and ammonia in a 1: 1 ratio.
- Stains from woolen fabric are removed with a cloth moistened with a strong salt solution. If the stains remain visible, then wipe them with alcohol.
- Sweat stains can also be removed by adding a little ammonia to the water during washing. A teaspoon per liter of water.
Removing shoe cream stains
The fabric is washed in soapy water with ammonia.
We remove stains from potassium permanganate and iodine
- Such stains are well removed with whey or yogurt. Wet the affected area with serum.
- Oxalic acid is well suited for removing potassium permanganate from light clothing
- Iodine stains should be covered with baking soda, top with vinegar and left overnight. Rinse in clean water in the morning.
- You can also use potato starch to remove iodine stains and rub over the stain until it is gone. Then wash the cloth with soap and water.
- Old stains of iodine should be removed with gruel from starch and water.
How to remove rust stains
- Such stains can be removed well with lemon juice. Dampen the stain with lemon juice, then iron on the wet area. Then wet the area again with lemon juice and rinse with water.
- It is best to remove rust stains from white fabrics with a 2% hydrochloric acid solution. Dip fabric in acid and hold until stains come off. Then rinse in water with the addition of ammonia, 3 tablespoons per liter.
How to remove wax?
- When dry, first scrape off, then place a clean piece of cloth or a couple of paper napkins on the stain and iron until the stain disappears.
- Wax should be removed from velvet and plush with turpentine, but never ironed.
Removing makeup stains
- Lipstick stain can be removed with a drill. They cover the stain with it, then rinse the fabric in soapy and clean water.
- Cosmetic cream stains removed with alcohol or gasoline.
- Hair dye stain removed with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ammonia.
- Varnish stains removed with a napkin and acetone. It is tedious to attach a napkin to the stain and blot it on top with acetone. Continue this until the stain is completely removed.
How to remove green stains
Such stains can be removed with vodka or denatured alcohol. You can also use table salt for such purposes. After removing the stain, rinse the fabric with water. Fresh grass stains on fabrics can be washed with soapy water and ammonia.
Removing tobacco stains
Remove by rubbing the stain with a mixture of egg yolk and denatured alcohol, mixed until a thick creamy mass. Rinse the fabric with warm and then hot water. You can also use warm glycine or denatured alcohol.
Removing mold stains
It is removed from cotton fabrics with the help of chalk, which is sprinkled on the stain, a napkin is placed on top and carried out several times with a hot iron.
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