Sooner or later, changes in the body of every woman begin, concerning the extinction of the functions of the ovaries. For some, this process is almost painless, for others, on the contrary, with serious symptoms. When does a woman’s menopause occur? How to define it? The doctor says.
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Why menopause occurs – the main symptoms
In medicine, such a term as menopause is usually called the period preceding menopause and characterized by certain changes in the hormonal system. The follicles in the ovaries, which are a natural part of the menstrual cycle, determine the possibility of pregnancy. That is, the function of the ovaries is reproductive. Namely – providing the body with progesterone and estrogen in sufficient quantities. With age-related depletion of resources, the ovaries lose their functions, which immediately affects both the health and the menstrual cycle, and the psychological state of the woman.
The key cause of menopause is the extinction of ovarian function…
But its appearance is influenced by:
- Disorders in the psycho-emotional sphere.
- Sexual problems.
- Constant stress.
- Chronic diseases and their exacerbations.
- The quality of life.
Medicines against menopause have not yet been invented, alas, but every woman is quite capable of preparing for its onset. The main thing is “to know the enemy by sight”.
When does menopause occur – at what age?
A complete cessation of sexual functions usually occurs for the weaker sex, starting from 40 to 60 years old… Although everything is individual, and depending on certain factors, menopause may come earlier or later. The very process of reducing the production of hormones occurs over several years, after which the reproductive period of life completely stops.
The three main stages of menopause
- A period of several years, accompanied by the extinction of hormone production – premenopause.
- Termination of key functions of the ovaries (egg maturation, hormone production) – menopause… The beginning of this period is considered to be 1 day following the last menstrual period.
- The period of the final cessation of ovarian functions (it lasts until the end of life) – postmenopause.
Changes in a woman’s body with menopause
The oocyte supply is usually depleted by the age of 30-35. The production of estrogen is reduced, although reproductive functions are still preserved. After 45 years, the level of hormones decreases to a critical level, after which menstruation stops, the work of the ovaries fades away, their size decreases, and biological old age sets in.
What are the features of changes in the hormonal system during menopause?
- During menopause, there are still enough hormones for menstruation to come, but estrogen deficiency affects their regularity and prevents the release of the egg.
- Falling progesterone levels affects the thickness of the endometrium, which increases the risk of uterine cancer, and causes metabolic disorders.
- As a result falling sex hormone levels many begin to malfunction of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, resulting in “hot flashes” – increased pressure, tinnitus, redness of the head and neck, nausea, sweating.
- Impaired balance of pituitary hormones also affects the development of osteoporosis.
- Impaired hormonal balance manifests itself as nervous disorders – from depression and attacks of panic and fear to fear of death, tearfulness.
- At affecting the functioning of the thyroid gland tremors of hands and attacks of heartbeat appear, weight change and the development of diabetes mellitus, and disturbed adrenal gland work turns into the growth of unwanted hair, increased blood pressure, heart pains.
- Vessels Is another problem that appears with menopause. Previously protected by estrogens, they become vulnerable during menopause. The risk of developing atherosclerosis increases.
It is worth noting that if you follow the doctor’s advice and the right attitude to health, many of the consequences of menopause can be avoided.
How menopause begins – the first signs
Of the symptoms accompanying this difficult period, the main ones can be noted:
- Emotional instability and sleep disturbances.
- Frequent urination.
- Decreased libido.
- Reducing the size of the mammary glands.
- Hot flashes, nausea, headache, and dizziness.
- Dry eyes, skin, vagina.
- The development of osteoporosis.
- Weight gain.
- Pain in various parts of the body.
- “Attack” of chronic diseases.
- Brittle hair, nails.
- Weakened memory and decreased performance.
These symptoms, for the most part, disappear after the period of menopause ends. That is, with the right approach to your health, everything returns to normal…
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