Runny nose is quite common in young children. A stuffy nose does not allow the baby to breathe normally, and the baby is also normal to eat. The child becomes moody, restless, may sleep poorly, lose weight, sometimes there is an increase in temperature, the appearance of a dry or wet cough. And, of course, parents really want to help their child. But in pharmacies now there is a very large number of various medicines for the common cold for young children, and it is very difficult to figure out which one is good. So let’s try to do this together.
Runny nose and stages of its development
A runny nose, or in medical terms rhinitis, is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Most often, this disease is not independent, but is a symptom of some other disease, such as influenza, measles, adenovirus infection and other ARVI diseases. Most often, a runny nose develops within 7-10 days or more, it all depends on the disease that provoked it. The drug is available in the form of nasal drops and spray. Children under one year old are not recommended to use the spray. As a way out, you can use the best folk remedies for the common cold for young children.
Rhinitis has three stages of development:
- Reflex – develops very quickly, disappears within a few hours. The vessels are narrowed, the nasal mucosa turns pale. During this period, there is a burning sensation and dryness in the nasal cavity, frequent sneezing;
- Catarrhal – vasodilation occurs, the mucous membrane is redder and the turbinate swells. This stage lasts 2-3 days. During this period, there is difficulty breathing, abundant transparent watery discharge, lacrimation, congestion of the ears, decreased sense of smell;
- The third stage begins if joins bacterial inflammation… During this period, an improvement in the general condition is observed: the sense of smell improves, breathing is restored. Nasal discharge becomes thicker and greenish or yellowish in color.
Medicines for children under 5 years old
This drug is made on the basis of water from the Adriatic Sea. It contains unique trace elements (sodium, magnesium, calcium ions, etc.), which contribute to the effective treatment of the common cold and rhinitis.
The main testimony for the use of this drug are:
- Inflammatory diseases of the nasal cavity;
- Dryness of the nasal cavity in the autumn-winter period;
- Allergic sinusitis, rhinitis;
- Prevention of nasal infections in car drivers, heavy smokers;
- Abrupt climate change.
For treatment, Aqua Maris is instilled in adults and children 2-5 times a day, 2 drops in each nasal passage. Duration of treatment with this drug from 2 to 3 weeks, it all depends on the severity of the disease.
For prevention the drug should be instilled in 1-2 drops 1-2 times a day.
Aqua Maris can be used from the first day of life. For newborns, it is used for hygienic purposes to moisturize the nasal cavity. The drug has no side effects, except for individual intolerance to some components.
The vials contain sterile isotonic seawater. The drug prevents the development of nasopharyngeal infection and its spread to the inner ear. Aqualor baby helps to improve the baby’s breathing during feeding. The drug is recommended for daily hygiene purposes.
Medical testimony for the use of the drug Aqualor baby:
- Comprehensive treatment and prevention of influenza and ARVI;
- Complex treatment and prevention of ENT diseases;
- Acute, allergic and chronic rhinitis;
- Daily hygiene of the nasal cavity.
This drug can be used from the first days of life. For hygiene and prevention, children and adults need to do 2-4 washes daily. More can be done if necessary.
There are no contraindications for use. A side effect is an individual intolerance to the constituent components of the drug.
Nazol baby is a local vasoconstrictor drug. The main constituent element is phenylephrine hydrochloride. Auxiliary components benzalkonium chloride 50%, polyethylene glycol, disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (disodium edetate), sodium phosphate disubstituted glycerol, potassium phosphate monosubstituted, purified water.
Medical testimony for application:
- Influenza and other colds;
- Allergic diseases.
This medication must be used intranasally…
Children under one year old – 1 drop every 6 hours;
Children from 1 to 6 – 1-2 drops every 6 hours;
Adults and children over 6 years old – 3-4 drops every 6 hours.
The drug has side effects: dizziness, headache, sleep disturbance, tremor, high blood pressure, arrhythmia, pallor, sweating.
For children under one year old, the drug must be used strictly as directed by a doctor. Remember, self-medication can harm your child’s health!
Approximate pharmacy price: drops – 202 rubles, spray – 175 rubles.
Otrivin baby applied to cleanse the nasal mucosa in case of irritation and dryness during colds, poor environmental conditions and daily nasal hygiene.
The preparation contains sterile isotonic saline solution. It contains sodium chloride 0.74%, sodium hydrogen phosphate, macrogol glyceryl ricinoleate (Cremophor RH4), sodium phosphate, and purified water.
Otrivin baby can be used by children under one year of age and older. I apply drops intranasally, each nasal passage is washed 2-4 times a day.
You should not use this drug if the child is allergic to the ingredients that are indicated in the composition.
Approximate cost in pharmacies: drops – 205 rubles, spray – 230 rubles.
The drug Vibrocil is intended for topical use. Its main active ingredients are phenylephrine, dimethindene maleate. Excipients: benzalkonium chloride (preservative), sorbitol, citric acid monohydrate, methylhydroxypropyl cellulose, disodium phosphate anhydrous, deterpene extract from lavender, purified water.
Basic medical testimony for application:
- Acute rhinitis;
- Allergic rhinitis;
- Chronic rhinitis;
- Chronic and acute sinusitis;
- Acute otitis media.
Dosage and method of administration:
The drug is used intranasally…
For children under one year old, Vibrocil is used 1 drop in each nasal passage 2-4 times a day.
For children from 1 to 6 years old, the drug is used 1-2 drops 2-4 times a day.
For children under six years old, only drops are used.
A drug It has poorly expressed adverse reactions from the side of the mucous membrane, dryness and burning.
Bologny.ru warns: self-medication is dangerous to health! Before taking any medications, you need to consult a doctor!
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