Equality between men and women has existed for only a century. However, during this period of time, women have been awarded 52 Nobel Prizes in various fields. It has been scientifically proven that the female brain works 1.5 times more actively than the male – but its main feature is different. Women notice and analyze small details. This is said to be the reason women are increasingly making great discoveries.
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1.Maria Sklodowska-Curie (physics)
She became the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize. Her father had a huge influence on her career, who followed all the discoveries and inventions of that time.
When the girl entered the University of Natural Sciences, this caused outrage among the teachers. But Maria holds the top spot in the undergraduate rankings, while defending degrees in physics and mathematics.
Pierre Curie became Maria’s husband and main colleague. The couple began research on radiation together. For 5 years, they made several discoveries in this area, and in 1903 they received the Nobel Prize. But this prize cost Mary the death of her husband and a miscarriage.
The girl received the second Nobel Prize in 1911, and already – in the field of chemistry, for the discovery and research of metallic radium.
2. Bertha von Suttner (peace consolidation)
The activities of the young girl were influenced by her upbringing. The mother and two guardians, who replaced the late father, adhered to the original Austrian traditions.
Bertha could not fall in love with the aristocratic society and its features. The girl gets married without the permission of her parents and leaves for Georgia.
The move was not the best decision in Bertha’s life. A few years later, a war broke out in the country, which marked the beginning of a woman’s creative career. It was her husband who inspired Bertha von Suttner to write her articles.
Her main work, Down with Arms, was written after a trip to London. There, Berta’s speech about criticism of the authorities made a huge impression on society.
With the release of a book about the fate of a woman crippled by constant wars, fame came to the writer. In 1906, the woman received the first Nobel Peace Prize.
3. Grace Deledda (literature)
Literary talent in the writer was noticed as a child, when she wrote small articles for a local fashion magazine. Later, Grazia wrote her first work.
The writer uses a number of new literary techniques – transferring into the future and mirroring a person’s life, describes the life of the peasants and the problems of society.
In 1926, Grazia Deledda received the Nobel Prize for Literature for collecting her poems about her home island, Sardinia, and for her bold writing.
After receiving the award, the woman does not stop writing. There are 3 more of her works that continue the theme of life on the island.
4. Barbara McClintock (physiology or medicine)
Barbara was an average student, and averaged in all subjects prior to Hutchinson’s lecture.
McClintock was so carried away by the occupation that the scientist himself noticed it. A few days later, he invited the girl to his additional courses, which Barbara called “a ticket to genetics.”
McClintock became the first female geneticist, but she was never awarded a doctorate in this area. At that time, this was simply not allowed by law.
The scientist developed the first map of genetics, a method for visualizing chromosomes, transposons – and thus made a huge contribution to modern medicine.
5. Elinor Ostrom (economics)
From a young age, Elionor took part in various projects, elections, events in her hometown. Until some time, her dream was to work on the US Policy Committee, but later Ostrom completely surrendered herself to the Political Science Association of America.
Elionor offered public and state ideas, many of which were carried out. Take America’s environmental cleanup, for example.
In 2009, the scientist was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics. Until now, she is the only woman to receive an award in economics.
6. Nadia Murad Basho Taha (strengthening the peace)
Nadia was born in 1993 in northern Iraq to a large family. Nadia’s childhood had a lot: the death of her father, the care of 9 brothers and sisters, but the seizure of the village by the militants most of all influenced her opinion.
In 2014, Murad became a victim of ISIS persecution, and was handed over to sexual slavery. Attempts to escape from slavery ended in failure for almost a year, but later Nadia was helped to escape and find her brother.
Now the girl lives with her brother and sister in Germany.
Since 2016, the girl has been the most popular human rights defender. Murad received 3 awards for freedom of rights, including the Nobel Peace Prize.
7. Chu Yuyu (medicine)
Chu spent her childhood in a Chinese village. Her admission to Peking University was a source of pride for her family, and for herself, the beginning of her passion for biology.
After graduation, Yuyu devoted herself to traditional medicine. Her advantage was that there were several healers in his hometown of Chu, including Yuyu’s distant relatives.
Chu did not become an ordinary local healer. She confirmed her actions from the side of medicine, and only focused on the problems of the Chinese people. For this original approach, in 2015, the scientist was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Her new treatments for malaria were also recognized outside the state.
8. Francis Hamilton Arnold (chemistry)
The daughter of a nuclear physicist and the general’s granddaughter had a very persistent character and a thirst for knowledge.
After graduation, she focused on the theory of directed evolution, although its main features had been known to her since 1990.
Her list of awards and titles includes the 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, membership in the national academies of sciences, medicine, engineering, physics, philosophy, art.
Since 2018, the girl has been inducted into the US National Hall of Fame for her research.
9. Hertha Müller (literature)
The writer spent most of her life in Germany. She knew several languages at once, which played a big role for Hertha. In difficult times, she not only worked as a translator, but also easily studied foreign literature.
In 1982, Müller wrote her first work in German, after which she married a writer and taught lectures at a local university.
The peculiarity of the writer’s literature is that it contains two languages: German, the main one – and Romanian.
It is also noteworthy that the main theme of her work is the partial loss of memory.
Since 1995, Gert has become a member of the German Academy of Language and Poetry, and in 2009 she was awarded the Nobel Literary Prize.
10. Leyma Robert Gwobi (strengthening the peace)
Leima was born in Liberia. The first civil war, during which she was 17, greatly influenced Roberta’s worldview. She, without receiving an education, worked with the injured children, provided them with psychological and medical assistance.
The hostilities were repeated 15 years later – then Leima Gwobi was already a confident woman, and was able to form a social movement and lead it. Its participants were mainly women. So Leima managed to meet with the president of the country and get him to attend the peace treaty.
After the elimination of disorder in Liberia, Gwobi was awarded 4 prizes, the most significant of which is the Nobel Peace Prize.
The largest number of discoveries by women have been made to strengthen peace, the second place in the number of Nobel Prizes among women is literature, and the third is medicine.
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